Damages

Review of: Damages

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On 29.09.2020
Last modified:29.09.2020

Summary:

2017.

Damages

damages Bedeutung, Definition damages: money that is paid to someone by a person or organization who was responsible for causing some. Hinweis: Sie sehen die deutschsprachige Version dieser TV-Sendung. Die englische Version finden Sie unter; Mehr Staffeln;. Diese packende Serie voller;. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für damages im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion.

Damages Beispiele aus dem Internet (nicht von der PONS Redaktion geprüft)

Zwei Frauen, eine Kanzlei: Die knallharte Star-Juristin Patty Hewes und die Junganwältin Ellen Parsons kennen nur ein Ziel: Kampf gegen Korruption und Unrecht. Und das bedeutet vor allem Vernichtung des eiskalten Milliardärs Arthur Frobisher. Damages – Im Netz der Macht ist eine US-amerikanische Anwaltsserie, die im Juni erstmals auf dem Sender FX ausgestrahlt wurde. Damages - Die komplette vierte Season - 3 Discs Die brillante Anwältin Patty Hewes (zweifache Emmy®-Preisträgerin Glenn Close) musste bisher weder beruflich. Hinweis: Sie sehen die deutschsprachige Version dieser TV-Sendung. Die englische Version finden Sie unter; Mehr Staffeln;. Diese packende Serie voller;. Damages – Im Netz der Macht: Zwei Frauen, eine Kanzlei: Die knallharte Star-​Juristin Patty Hewes und die Junganwältin Ellen Parsons kennen nur ein Ziel: . Ein weiterer Zweck wird darin gesehen, die Kosten des Rechtsstreits abzudekferner Boston, Punitive Damages, $ 2: 6 ; BROCKMEIER, Punitive damages. Punitive damages sind daher in Connecticut ein Mittel zur Kostenerstattung, welches immer dann Anwendung findet, wenn dem Beklagten ein besonders.

Damages

damages ist eine flektierte Form von damage. Alle weiteren Informationen findest du im Haupteintrag damage. Bitte nimm Ergänzungen deshalb auch nur dort. Damages jetzt legal online anschauen. Die Serie ist aktuell bei Amazon, iTunes, Google Play, Microsoft, Videoload, maxdome, Sony verfügbar. Zwei Frauen. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für damages im Online-Wörterbuch koplimetsa.eu (​Deutschwörterbuch). Bereits die Gewährung von Rechtshilfe für die Klageerhebung belaste sie. Der Abfall in den Ozeanen schädigt und erstickt marine Lebensräume. Ein Beispiel vorschlagen. Zubilligung f von Schadenersatz. Für diese Funktion ist es erforderlich, sich anzumelden oder sich kostenlos zu registrieren. Finnisch Wörterbücher. chend der Auffassung, dass punitive damages im Falle ihrer Versicherbarkeit diese Straf- und Abschreckungsfunktion nicht mehr erfüllen könnten, was das. Auch bei Vorliegen der Voraussetzungen für punitive damages hat der Geschädigte keinen hierauf gerichteten einklagbaren Anspruch III. Rechtsnatur Die. Damages - Im Netz der Macht zeigt Glennals Close Patty Hewes, eine durchtriebene Anwältin, die mit allen Mitteln geprellte Arbeitnehmer in einem Verfahren. Damages jetzt legal online anschauen. Die Serie ist aktuell bei Amazon, iTunes, Google Play, Microsoft, Videoload, maxdome, Sony verfügbar. Zwei Frauen. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für damages im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. November 02, Was ist die Aussprache von damages? Bulgarisch Wörterbücher. Michael Schernthaner. Schadenstiftung f durch fremde Tiere. Ferner wird in diesem Zusammenhang berücksichtigt, ob der Weg Zum Glück sich bei der Regulierung des Schadens weigerlich gezeigt hat und deshalb dem Geschädigten ein zusätzlicher Ausgleich zugesprochen werden soll vgl. In particular, Filme Onl the fruitless expiration of an extension of time, we are authorized to request damages instead of the goods or services. Die Verfassungsbeschwerde betrifft die Frage, ob im Wege der Rechtshilfe eine Klage zugestellt werden darf, mit der eine juristische Person deutschen Rechts vor einem Gericht der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika unter anderem auf Strafschadensersatz punitive or exemplary damages in Anspruch genommen werden soll. Dänisch Wörterbücher. Portugiesisch Wörterbücher. Beispiele für die Übersetzung Schädigung ansehen 36 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Neue Wörter. Bei vielen Industriegütern stellen Avatar Ganzer Film Deutsch Kostenlos Feuchtigkeit entstandene Schäden einen erheblichen Kostenfaktor dar. Januar bis zum

This season gradually reveals it is Patty Ellen had at gunpoint, attempting to force the truth out of her. Several minutes after Ellen fires the gun, Patty is found bleeding in the elevator.

In the season finale, Ellen convinces Patty to bribe the judge to accept evidence that would otherwise be inadmissible, in a setup to incriminate Patty.

In return, Patty will drop the energy trading angle of the case. She also sets up Ellen to take the fall for bribing the judge.

Ellen, meanwhile, procures a handgun. After destroying the FBI cameras in the room by shooting them, Ellen confronts Patty about her actions from season one, leaving to bribe the judge after Patty confesses that she was responsible for the attempted murder of Ellen.

Soon thereafter, Patty is found in the elevator, bleeding. Here, it is revealed Patty was stabbed by Fin Garrity before her confrontation with Ellen.

When Ellen bribes the judge, her FBI handler arrests her and the judge. As they leave, Federal Marshals arrest the corrupt agent Ellen was assisting, freeing Ellen.

One month later, Patty is recovering at home, Tom is returning to Patty's firm, and Ellen has a new job offer. Patty says Ellen will return.

Season 1 regular Ted Danson returned for five episodes. Martin Short and Campbell Scott joined the cast. Lily Tomlin and Keith Carradine special guest starred.

Patty is the victim of a car crash. The other car belongs to Tom Shayes, who is found dead in a dumpster. Ellen is implicated in Tom's murder because her blood-stained purse is found in the hands of a homeless man near the dumpster.

When a detective questions Ellen, they discuss what the homeless man said, and the detective asks whether Ellen and Tom were romantically involved.

Ellen replies, "We were starting a law firm together". Six months earlier, Patty Hewes is tackling a new case. Appointed a trustee by the US government, she is tasked to recover billions of dollars lost to the largest investment fraud in Wall Street history: a fraudulent Ponzi scheme run by Louis Tobin Len Cariou , a Bernie Madoff -type.

Patty believes Tobin has hidden the money and that members of his family, specifically his loyal son Joe Campbell Scott and daughter Carol, secretive wife Marilyn Lily Tomlin , and trusted attorney and family friend Leonard Winstone Martin Short know much more than they claim.

Tom has a personal involvement because he invested in the Tobin fund and lost his savings and those of his parents and in-laws, which makes his work on the case a conflict of interest.

Ellen, meanwhile, has stayed true to her promise not to return to Patty's firm and has avoided contact for the past year that she has been working at the District Attorney's office.

Ellen runs into Tom, and she mentions she is having trouble cracking a drug case. Patty and Ellen's bond resurfaces as they work on the case together.

Ellen and Patty each deal with family crises. Patty learns her son, Michael, and his girlfriend Jill, who is at least 15 years his senior, are expecting a baby.

At the end of the season, Jill finds herself in custody for having sex with a minor and about to lose her freedom and custody of the baby.

Toward the end of the season, it is revealed that the car that hit Patty was driven by Michael, who was enraged by Patty's having Jill arrested.

Meanwhile, Ellen's sister is arrested on a drug charge. Also revealed is an old and painful secret Patty has been keeping for years, about her daughter, Julia.

Through memories and dreams Patty repeatedly sees herself, highly pregnant, walking up to a ranch with horses and a man she briefly talks to. He asks what she's doing so far away from her home in her condition, and Patty replies her doctor said she'd be okay.

However, the doctor actually told Patty she must stay in bed and avoid any physical activity, or else the baby will die. Following Tom's funeral, Patty indirectly admits to Ellen that she brought on a miscarriage so she could go to New York and accept an important job offer, thus beginning her climb to the top of the legal profession.

Ellen then asks, "Is it worth it? Glenn Close and Rose Byrne returned as regulars for the fourth season. John Goodman and Dylan Baker joined the cast.

Chris Messina guest starred. The fourth season opens to reveal Ellen's new job at another law firm the same firm she was offered a position at in season one.

Ending Ellen's search for a career-defining case, she begins researching and gathering witnesses for a wrongful-death suit against private military contractor Howard T.

Erickson John Goodman , who heads the "HighStar" security company. Erickson made his fortune supplying the U.

Unfortunately, the law firm Ellen works for, fearful of repercussions, rejects the case, forcing Ellen to seek the resources for case elsewhere.

After Patty sees Ellen harassed by a supporter of HighStar while she and Ellen have lunch together, she offers Ellen everything necessary to file the case.

As the case unfolds, Jerry Boorman Dylan Baker , an opportunist deeply tied to Erickson and the CIA, works all angles to prevent the case from progressing, fearful that his true involvement in the wrongful-deaths will be discovered.

Once the case is clearly resolved, Ellen and Patty meet in Manhattan in a spot overlooked by the Statue of Liberty. Ellen is angry because Patty put Chris in danger to continue the case despite her protest.

In response, Patty offers Ellen her hand claiming that they "can do great things together". Ellen refuses and says goodbye.

Glenn Close and Rose Byrne returned as regulars for the fifth and final season. Ryan Phillippe joined the main cast. After four seasons of manipulation and deceit that cross professional and personal lines, season five sets the stage for the final showdown between Patty and Ellen.

In a storyline inspired by the vicissitudes of the whistleblower website WikiLeaks and its founder Julian Assange , Channing McClaren Ryan Phillippe is a computer expert and the iconoclastic founder of a website, McClarenTruth.

Walling seen to have been attacked by two anonymous people , as Patty claims that McClaren murdered her, as well as stealing personal information and posting it on his site.

The final season opens with Patty walking into her office to see her granddaughter sitting in at her desk drawing. Patty says to her, "Get out of mommy's chair.

Ellen is shown in an alley, unconscious and bleeding. While this case is occurring, Michael organizes a custody case over Catherine, with Ellen agreeing to testify against Patty after the McClaren case was over.

Also, in Ellen's personal life, her mother has left her father after he threw something at her and she was scared. She lived in Ellen's apartment for a while before moving into her own apartment, only to move back in with Ellen.

He sold information to both of them about the involvement of Princefield in Naomi's death. However, only Patty receives this information and then Samurai Seven is found dead in a burnt-out car.

In court, Ellen suspects that Patty has a personal relationship with the judge, which seems to be confirmed when Patty receives a personal call from him.

However, once Ellen has raised attention to this and removed the judge from the case, Patty reveals that it was all a setup, and that she and the judge disliked each other.

When Ellen finds out that Patty has received the Princefield information, she tells the new judge and Patty is forced to give Ellen the information, losing her leverage on the case.

When questioning Naomi's daughter, Patty finds out that Naomi and McClaren possibly had a sexual relationship and so Patty goes to the media and accuses McClaren of rape.

This results in both Ellen and Patty being given a gag order. Soon after, McClaren offers Naomi's daughter a settlement and she wants to take it. Ellen and Patty team up to give false evidence so that the settlement is rejected and the case continues.

Ellen and Patty are both given a chance to ask questions of an expert in the data breach but have to travel to him. Once the interview is over, Ellen finds out that her flight is cancelled and Patty invites her onto her private flight, which has been delayed.

While waiting in the airport, Ellen and Patty discuss the attempted murder of Ellen and the confession that Patty made.

Patty says that the accusation was false and that the confession was a lie because she was at gunpoint.

Rutger Simon is revealed to be the one who intentionally leaked Naomi Walling's personal e-mails, hoping to implicate McClaren as the leaker so he can take control of McClarentruth.

Simon convinces Patty Hewes to become an investor in the site when he takes over in exchange for his testimony against Channing McClaren, Helmut Torben, and Bennett Herreshoff.

Patty subsequently informs Ellen of her intention to call Simon as a witness for the Plaintiff. In a meeting with Torben and Herreshoff, Simon informs them that he intends to testify against Channing McClaren but promises not to implicate either of them in his testimony.

After booking an emergency flight out of the country to Dublin, Simon is killed by hitmen hired by Herreshoff and Torben.

On the day of the trial, shortly before opening arguments, Patty Hewes is informed that Simon has left the country. Because Simon was Patty's only valuable witness, she drops the lawsuit.

Later, Patty suggests that she intentionally gave Ellen her witness list early to see how Ellen handled the information. Patty knew Ellen would share the information with Torben, who would have Simon killed, thus proving, in Patty's eyes, that Ellen has become as manipulative as Patty.

Attention then turns to the custody case. Ellen has the blood that was on the card she had with her the day she was attacked tested and finds out the identity of Patrick the murderer.

Ellen has her investigator track and find him. She offers Patrick immunity if he testifies against Patty. He agrees.

The story has now caught up to the future shown in the premiere and Ellen is seen walking to her office through the alley. The scene then cuts to Patrick and the investigator in Ellen's office, worried that Ellen is two hours late.

They call the detectives to have Patty arrested. As the two men search the roof, they discover Ellen unconscious in the alley below.

As they both seem to run down to help her, only the investigator does as Patrick goes back to the office to find Michael, who has just arrived.

As Ellen is being revived, a scan picture is found in her bag, revealing she is pregnant. Once awake, Ellen goes back to her office to find Michael dead, having been shot by Patrick.

Patty is told about this in a mimed scene. At the end of the series finale, the final scene takes place "a few years from now" showing Patty entering a shop to find Ellen with her daughter.

In her limo, Patty has a vision of Ellen coming to thank her for everything she has done. Instead, Ellen walks away, telling her daughter that she knew "that woman" back when she was a lawyer.

Her daughter says Ellen is not a lawyer any more. Ellen walks with her daughter and tells her that they're going to visit her dad at the VA the Department of Veterans Affairs which means the child's father is Chris Sanchez.

The scene ends with a closeup on Patty's face; she sits with a stoic expression on her face in silence. The series details the mentor - protegee relationship between high-stakes attorney Patty Hewes Glenn Close and newly graduated attorney Ellen Parsons Rose Byrne.

During the first three seasons Tom Shayes Tate Donovan acts as Patty's associate, right-hand man and later partner.

Michael Nouri stars in the first two seasons as Patty's husband Phil Grey , and makes periodic guest appearances in subsequent seasons due to their characters' separation.

Zachary Booth 's character recurs throughout the series as Patty's damaged son, Michael Hewes. Notable recurring characters during the first season were played by Peter Facinelli , Philip Bosco , and Peter Riegert.

The second season found Patty and her firm inadvertently thrown into a massive case against the billion dollar-worth energy corporation Ultima National Resources UNR.

William Hurt played Daniel Purcell, a mysterious man from Patty's past who initiates the case and puts it in Patty's hands.

On the personal front, Anastasia Griffith returned as Ellen's friend Katie Connor, who helps her in taking down Frobisher, while Timothy Olyphant played a man in grief counseling who bonds with Ellen under ambiguous motives.

The third season, inspired by the Bernie Madoff scandal, tracked Patty's aggressive pursuit of bringing down the disgraced Tobin family after they were revealed to be a part of a Ponzi scheme that ripped off millions of citizens.

Campbell Scott played Joe Tobin, the shamed but ultimately spoiled and selfish youngest son of the family. Martin Short played the family's longtime trusted lawyer Leonard Winstone who finds his place in this family changes as the Tobins reveal their true colors.

Lily Tomlin special guest starred throughout the season as the secretive matriarch Marilyn Tobin, while Len Cariou appeared as the patriarch of the family blamed for all of the fraud and conspiracy.

Returning recurring actors in prominent roles were Ted Danson , and also Timothy Olyphant in a single guest appearance. Wallace Shawn also made a notable guest appearance.

The fourth season, the first without Tate Donovan, followed a wrongful-death suit filed against a military contractor over a mysterious incident in a war zone.

John Goodman played Howard Erickson, the CEO of the shadowy military contractor who becomes the defendant against Patty and Ellen over the corruption that occurred in the war zone.

Chris Messina played Chris Sanchez, an old high school friend of Ellen's and a decorated soldier suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder.

The fifth and final season pitted Patty and Ellen against one another in court, with the case surrounding the suit of the founder of a WikiLeaks type of website, Channing McClaren, played by Ryan Phillippe.

Jenna Elfman played Naomi Walling, the investment bank employee whose daughter Rachel Alexandra Socha sues McClaren after he releases Naomi's personal information along with the financial records she leaked to him - leading to Naomi's suicide in reality, she was murdered and the suicide faked.

John Hannah played Rutger Simon, the gatekeeper of McClaren's website who is devoted to exposing fraud and corporate misconduct. Returning recurring actors in prominent roles were Judd Hirsch and Chris Messina.

Notable recurring characters during the fifth season were played by Victor Garber , M. Creators Todd A.

Although the initial story idea did not have the series set in the legal arena, the creators felt the legal world included women who commanded power and influence.

What really motivated us to write about this world, first and foremost, was our interest in power dynamics, the dynamics of power in society.

Each season, established lawyer Patty Hewes takes one major case. Season 1 focuses on a class action lawsuit against the fraudulent multi-billionaire CEO of a defunct company; the plot was inspired by various corporate scandals and characters involved in them, [9] most notably the Enron scandal.

Kennedy, Jr. The series uses nonlinear narrative , employing flashforwards , foreshadowing , and red herring narration techniques.

This approach has given the writers flexibility in storytelling. She's not somebody who you can easily characterize.

People tend to say she's manipulative and evil, which always makes me laugh, because I think women and power are still problematic, especially in this country.

I take that as a compliment. Danson was initially hesitant about this suggestion, but found the consultation extremely helpful.

Byrne had been unavailable when she was initially approached because she was shooting the film 28 Weeks Later but auditioned later when the part had not yet been cast.

For the first-season cast, Noah Bean , who was cast as David, said he "gave an awful first audition" but managed to get the part when given a second chance while waiting for an elevator.

However, Griffith convinced the producers by speaking in an American accent throughout their follow-up meeting.

They wanted an actress who could hold her own against Close. Harden's casting was also attributable, in part, to the fact that she lived in New York City where Damages shoots.

The producers debated whether they should go with one actor who created a love triangle involving Patty and Ellen, but they ultimately went with the two separate actors.

For the third-season cast, Lily Tomlin 's casting evolved out of her fandom for the show. Kessler and interrogated him for information about upcoming twists on the show.

Todd kept her in mind and later cast her as Marilyn Tobin. Producers were excited to work with Short, though he had very little dramatic work to refer to; he added to the Damages reputation of casting against-type.

For the fourth season cast, producers initially considered actors like Edward Burns and Wentworth Miller for the role of Howard T. John Goodman stressed his availability, and the role was tailored to suit his style.

His performance left an impression, and producers had thought about casting him several times before, but the timing didn't work out until Season 4, when he was cast as Jerry Boorman.

He would "stay awake and not sleep He was also reluctant to join a show so late in its run. For the fifth-season cast, Ryan Phillippe initially wasn't overly interested in doing Damages , but on a phone call with producers he changed his mind after being told his character was modeled after Julian Assange , with whom Phillippe was fascinated.

She enthusiastically signed on for the opportunity to "play the types of scenes I haven't yet had the opportunity to play". Custom House.

The frieze of the New York County Courthouse is also shown, inscribed with a quote from George Washington , "The true administration of justice is the firmest pillar of good government".

Due to the low ratings and high costs, it was speculated early that Season 3 might be the show's last. Other outlets were also approached about sharing the cost of a new season.

However, no other network opted to pick it up, leaving Audience Network the new broadcaster. I think we were kind of off-brand for them.

Seasons one through three ran until the season 4 premiere on July 13, All five seasons have been released on DVD in regions 1, 2, and 4, while only the first season was originally released on Blu-ray.

Damages is also available for purchase through Amazon Video , [55] the iTunes Store , [56] and Netflix.

And if you want to see some prime, grade-A acting, well, you could do a lot worse". And for those without access to DirecTV, worth the wait.

The series premiere on July 24, drew 3. Do you know the person or title these quotes desc Login or Register. Save Word.

Keep scrolling for more. Choose the Right Synonym for damage Verb injure , harm , hurt , damage , impair , mar mean to affect injuriously.

Examples of damage in a Sentence Noun The items were carefully wrapped to protect them from damage during shipping. The city sustained heavy damage during the war.

Fortunately the boat suffered no serious damage in the storm. The fall caused considerable damage to her knee. The disease is known to cause permanent brain damage.

The scandal caused significant damage to her career. You've said enough. Please leave before you do any more damage.

He tried to repair the damage by apologizing, but it was too late. He apologized, but the damage was already done. Verb Please return any items that are damaged during shipping.

Many homes were damaged or completely destroyed in the fire. The fall severely damaged her knee. Smoking can seriously damage your lungs.

The scandal significantly damaged her career. This news will undoubtedly damage the governor's reputation.

He was worried that his comments had seriously damaged their relationship. He's trying to repair his damaged reputation.

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Police responded to an accident nearby at the block of Craig Street, where a white Honda Civic had drove into the side of an assisted living facility, hitting a window but causing no other immediately noticeable damage.

Was U. Forest Service listening? Roustan, sun-sentinel. Nuclear Reactors," 20 Aug. Robertson, Star Tribune , "Democrat's personal scandal roils N.

Carolina Senate race," 6 Oct. First Known Use of damage Noun 14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1 Verb 14th century, in the meaning defined above.

Learn More about damage. Time Traveler for damage The first known use of damage was in the 14th century See more words from the same century.

Dictionary Entries near damage Dam dama dama de noche damage damageable damage control damaged goods See More Nearby Entries.

Phrases Related to damage compensatory damages property damage recover damages seek damages sue for damages the damage.

Damages Oxford University Press. June 18, November 30, Archived from the original on July 24, Michael Nouri stars in the first two seasons as Patty's husband Phil Lied Eisköniginand makes periodic guest appearances in subsequent seasons due to their characters' separation. The Hollywood Cine.To & Chill. The series uses nonlinear narrativeemploying flashforwardsforeshadowingand red herring narration techniques. Patty and Ellen's bond resurfaces as they work on the case together. Damages Damages Special damages can Brittany Murphy Filme direct losses such Tv5 Monde Live amounts the claimant had to spend to try to mitigate damages [13] and consequential or economic losses Dolores Del Río from lost profits in a business. Parties may contract for liquidated damages to be paid upon a breach of the contract by one of the parties. Retrieved June 5, Metropol Gera Programm John Goodman Sosniok Howard Erickson, the CEO of the shadowy military contractor who becomes the defendant against Patty and Ellen over the corruption that occurred in the war zone. For the fourth season cast, producers initially considered actors like Edward Burns and Wentworth Miller for the role of Howard T. The second season found Patty and her firm inadvertently thrown into a massive case against the billion dollar-worth energy corporation Ultima National Resources UNR. Can I Sue? TV by the Numbers.

Damages Navigation menu Video

Tems - Damages [Official Video Lyrics]

We're intent on clearing it up 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? We're gonna stop you right there Literally How to use a word that literally drives some pe Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice?

The awkward case of 'his or her' Word Games Where in the World? A Quiz Do you know what languages these words come from?

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Do you know the person or title these quotes desc Login or Register. Save Word.

Keep scrolling for more. Choose the Right Synonym for damage Verb injure , harm , hurt , damage , impair , mar mean to affect injuriously.

Examples of damage in a Sentence Noun The items were carefully wrapped to protect them from damage during shipping.

The city sustained heavy damage during the war. Fortunately the boat suffered no serious damage in the storm. The fall caused considerable damage to her knee.

The disease is known to cause permanent brain damage. The scandal caused significant damage to her career. You've said enough.

Please leave before you do any more damage. He tried to repair the damage by apologizing, but it was too late.

He apologized, but the damage was already done. Verb Please return any items that are damaged during shipping. Many homes were damaged or completely destroyed in the fire.

Examples of this include physical or emotional pain and suffering, loss of companionship, loss of consortium , disfigurement, loss of reputation, loss or impairment of mental or physical capacity, hedonic damages or loss of enjoyment of life, etc.

Judges in the United Kingdom base the award on damages awarded in similar previous cases. General damages are generally awarded only in claims brought by individuals, when they have suffered personal harm.

Examples would be personal injury following the tort of negligence by the defendant , or the tort of defamation.

Statutory damages are an amount stipulated within the statute rather than calculated based on the degree of harm to the plaintiff.

Lawmakers will provide for statutory damages for acts in which it is difficult to determine the value of the harm to the victim.

Mere violation of the law can entitle the victim to a statutory award, even if no actual injury occurred.

These are different from nominal damages, in which no written sum is specified. Nominal damages are very small damages awarded to show that the loss or harm suffered was technical rather than actual.

Historically, one of the best known nominal damage awards was the farthing that the jury awarded to James Whistler in his libel suit against John Ruskin.

Many times a party that has been wronged but is not able to prove significant damages will sue for nominal damages. This is particularly common in cases involving alleged violations of constitutional rights, such as freedom of speech.

Contemptuous damages are a form of damage award available in some jurisdictions. They are similar to nominal damages awards, as they are given when the plaintiff's suit is trivial, used only to settle a point of honour or law.

The key distinction is that in jurisdictions that follow the loser-pays for attorney fees, the claimant in a contemptuous damages case may be required to pay his or her own attorney fees.

Court costs are not awarded. Generally, punitive damages , which are also termed exemplary damages in the United Kingdom , are not awarded in order to compensate the plaintiff, but in order to reform or deter the defendant and similar persons from pursuing a course of action such as that which damaged the plaintiff.

Punitive damages are awarded only in special cases where conduct was egregiously insidious and are over and above the amount of compensatory damages, such as in the event of malice or intent.

Great judicial restraint is expected to be exercised in their application. In the United States punitive damages awards are subject to the limitations imposed by the due process of law clauses of the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution.

In England and Wales , exemplary damages are limited to the circumstances set out by Lord Devlin in the leading case of Rookes v.

They are:. Rookes v Barnard has been much criticised and has not been followed in Canada or Australia or by the Privy Council.

Punitive damages awarded in a US case would be difficult to get recognition for in a European court, where punitive damages are most likely to be considered to violate ordre public.

Some jurisdictions recognize a form of damages, called, aggravated damages, that are similar to punitive or exemplary damages. Aggravated damages are not often awarded; they apply where the injury has been aggravated by the wrongdoer's behaviour, for example, their cruelty.

In certain areas of the law another head of damages has long been available, whereby the defendant is made to give up the profits made through the civil wrong in restitution.

Doyle and Wright define restitutionary damages as being a monetary remedy that is measured according to the defendant's gain rather than the plaintiff's loss.

In some areas of the law this heading of damages is uncontroversial; most particularly intellectual property rights and breach of fiduciary relationship.

Blake opened up the possibility of restitutionary damages for breach of contract. In this case the profits made by a defecting spy, George Blake , for the publication of his book, were awarded to the British Government for breach of contract.

The case has been followed in English courts, but the situations in which restitutionary damages will be available remain unclear.

The basis for restitutionary damages is much debated, but is usually seen as based on denying a wrongdoer any profit from his wrongdoing.

The really difficult question, and one which is currently unanswered, relates to what wrongs should allow this remedy. In addition to damages, the successful party is entitled to be awarded their reasonable legal costs that they spent during the case.

This is the rule in most countries other than the United States. In the United States, a party generally is not entitled to its attorneys' fees or for hardships undergone during trial unless the parties agreed in a contract that attorney's fees should be covered or a specific statute or law permits recovery of legal fees, such as discrimination.

The quantification of personal injury is not an exact science. In English law solicitors like to call personal injury claims as "general damages" for pain and suffering and loss of amenity PSLA.

Solicitors quantify personal injury claims by reference to previous awards made by the courts which are "similar" to the case in hand. The guidance solicitors will take into account to help quantify general damages are as hereunder:.

The age of the client is important especially when dealing with fatal accident claims or permanent injuries. The younger the injured victim with a permanent injury the longer that person has to live with the PSLA.

As a consequence, the greater the compensation payment. In fatal accident claims, generally the younger deceased, the greater the dependency claim by the partner and children.

Solicitors will consider "like for like" injuries with the case in hand and similar cases decided by the courts previously.

These cases are known as precedents. Generally speaking decisions from the higher courts will bind the lower courts. Therefore, judgments from the House of Lords and the Court of Appeal have greater authority than the lower courts such as the High Court and the County Court.

A compensation award can only be right or wrong with reference to that specific judgment. Solicitors must be careful when looking at older cases when quantifying a claim to ensure that the award is brought up to date and to take into account the court of appeal case in Heil v Rankin [33] Generally speaking the greater the injury the greater the damages awarded.

This heading is inextricably linked with the other points above. Where two clients are of the same age, experience and suffer the same injury, it does not necessarily mean that they will be affected the same.

We are all different. Some people will recover more quickly than others. The story has now caught up to the future shown in the premiere and Ellen is seen walking to her office through the alley.

The scene then cuts to Patrick and the investigator in Ellen's office, worried that Ellen is two hours late. They call the detectives to have Patty arrested.

As the two men search the roof, they discover Ellen unconscious in the alley below. As they both seem to run down to help her, only the investigator does as Patrick goes back to the office to find Michael, who has just arrived.

As Ellen is being revived, a scan picture is found in her bag, revealing she is pregnant. Once awake, Ellen goes back to her office to find Michael dead, having been shot by Patrick.

Patty is told about this in a mimed scene. At the end of the series finale, the final scene takes place "a few years from now" showing Patty entering a shop to find Ellen with her daughter.

In her limo, Patty has a vision of Ellen coming to thank her for everything she has done. Instead, Ellen walks away, telling her daughter that she knew "that woman" back when she was a lawyer.

Her daughter says Ellen is not a lawyer any more. Ellen walks with her daughter and tells her that they're going to visit her dad at the VA the Department of Veterans Affairs which means the child's father is Chris Sanchez.

The scene ends with a closeup on Patty's face; she sits with a stoic expression on her face in silence. The series details the mentor - protegee relationship between high-stakes attorney Patty Hewes Glenn Close and newly graduated attorney Ellen Parsons Rose Byrne.

During the first three seasons Tom Shayes Tate Donovan acts as Patty's associate, right-hand man and later partner.

Michael Nouri stars in the first two seasons as Patty's husband Phil Grey , and makes periodic guest appearances in subsequent seasons due to their characters' separation.

Zachary Booth 's character recurs throughout the series as Patty's damaged son, Michael Hewes. Notable recurring characters during the first season were played by Peter Facinelli , Philip Bosco , and Peter Riegert.

The second season found Patty and her firm inadvertently thrown into a massive case against the billion dollar-worth energy corporation Ultima National Resources UNR.

William Hurt played Daniel Purcell, a mysterious man from Patty's past who initiates the case and puts it in Patty's hands.

On the personal front, Anastasia Griffith returned as Ellen's friend Katie Connor, who helps her in taking down Frobisher, while Timothy Olyphant played a man in grief counseling who bonds with Ellen under ambiguous motives.

The third season, inspired by the Bernie Madoff scandal, tracked Patty's aggressive pursuit of bringing down the disgraced Tobin family after they were revealed to be a part of a Ponzi scheme that ripped off millions of citizens.

Campbell Scott played Joe Tobin, the shamed but ultimately spoiled and selfish youngest son of the family.

Martin Short played the family's longtime trusted lawyer Leonard Winstone who finds his place in this family changes as the Tobins reveal their true colors.

Lily Tomlin special guest starred throughout the season as the secretive matriarch Marilyn Tobin, while Len Cariou appeared as the patriarch of the family blamed for all of the fraud and conspiracy.

Returning recurring actors in prominent roles were Ted Danson , and also Timothy Olyphant in a single guest appearance.

Wallace Shawn also made a notable guest appearance. The fourth season, the first without Tate Donovan, followed a wrongful-death suit filed against a military contractor over a mysterious incident in a war zone.

John Goodman played Howard Erickson, the CEO of the shadowy military contractor who becomes the defendant against Patty and Ellen over the corruption that occurred in the war zone.

Chris Messina played Chris Sanchez, an old high school friend of Ellen's and a decorated soldier suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder.

The fifth and final season pitted Patty and Ellen against one another in court, with the case surrounding the suit of the founder of a WikiLeaks type of website, Channing McClaren, played by Ryan Phillippe.

Jenna Elfman played Naomi Walling, the investment bank employee whose daughter Rachel Alexandra Socha sues McClaren after he releases Naomi's personal information along with the financial records she leaked to him - leading to Naomi's suicide in reality, she was murdered and the suicide faked.

John Hannah played Rutger Simon, the gatekeeper of McClaren's website who is devoted to exposing fraud and corporate misconduct. Returning recurring actors in prominent roles were Judd Hirsch and Chris Messina.

Notable recurring characters during the fifth season were played by Victor Garber , M. Creators Todd A. Although the initial story idea did not have the series set in the legal arena, the creators felt the legal world included women who commanded power and influence.

What really motivated us to write about this world, first and foremost, was our interest in power dynamics, the dynamics of power in society.

Each season, established lawyer Patty Hewes takes one major case. Season 1 focuses on a class action lawsuit against the fraudulent multi-billionaire CEO of a defunct company; the plot was inspired by various corporate scandals and characters involved in them, [9] most notably the Enron scandal.

Kennedy, Jr. The series uses nonlinear narrative , employing flashforwards , foreshadowing , and red herring narration techniques.

This approach has given the writers flexibility in storytelling. She's not somebody who you can easily characterize. People tend to say she's manipulative and evil, which always makes me laugh, because I think women and power are still problematic, especially in this country.

I take that as a compliment. Danson was initially hesitant about this suggestion, but found the consultation extremely helpful.

Byrne had been unavailable when she was initially approached because she was shooting the film 28 Weeks Later but auditioned later when the part had not yet been cast.

For the first-season cast, Noah Bean , who was cast as David, said he "gave an awful first audition" but managed to get the part when given a second chance while waiting for an elevator.

However, Griffith convinced the producers by speaking in an American accent throughout their follow-up meeting. They wanted an actress who could hold her own against Close.

Harden's casting was also attributable, in part, to the fact that she lived in New York City where Damages shoots. The producers debated whether they should go with one actor who created a love triangle involving Patty and Ellen, but they ultimately went with the two separate actors.

For the third-season cast, Lily Tomlin 's casting evolved out of her fandom for the show. Kessler and interrogated him for information about upcoming twists on the show.

Todd kept her in mind and later cast her as Marilyn Tobin. Producers were excited to work with Short, though he had very little dramatic work to refer to; he added to the Damages reputation of casting against-type.

For the fourth season cast, producers initially considered actors like Edward Burns and Wentworth Miller for the role of Howard T.

John Goodman stressed his availability, and the role was tailored to suit his style. His performance left an impression, and producers had thought about casting him several times before, but the timing didn't work out until Season 4, when he was cast as Jerry Boorman.

He would "stay awake and not sleep He was also reluctant to join a show so late in its run. For the fifth-season cast, Ryan Phillippe initially wasn't overly interested in doing Damages , but on a phone call with producers he changed his mind after being told his character was modeled after Julian Assange , with whom Phillippe was fascinated.

She enthusiastically signed on for the opportunity to "play the types of scenes I haven't yet had the opportunity to play".

Custom House. The frieze of the New York County Courthouse is also shown, inscribed with a quote from George Washington , "The true administration of justice is the firmest pillar of good government".

Due to the low ratings and high costs, it was speculated early that Season 3 might be the show's last. Other outlets were also approached about sharing the cost of a new season.

However, no other network opted to pick it up, leaving Audience Network the new broadcaster. I think we were kind of off-brand for them.

Seasons one through three ran until the season 4 premiere on July 13, All five seasons have been released on DVD in regions 1, 2, and 4, while only the first season was originally released on Blu-ray.

Damages is also available for purchase through Amazon Video , [55] the iTunes Store , [56] and Netflix. And if you want to see some prime, grade-A acting, well, you could do a lot worse".

And for those without access to DirecTV, worth the wait. The series premiere on July 24, drew 3. Season Two premiered with only 1. Despite the show's low ratings, FX picked up and secured the program for a third season.

John Landgraf hoped the show would continue on the air following its third season; after taking into account the encore presentations and "extraordinary" DVR numbers, the ratings appeared to be quite good.

The third-season premiere, which aired on January 25, , only managed to draw in 1. For its first season, Damages was nominated for Outstanding Drama Series at the Primetime Emmy Awards , along with six other nominations.

Co-creators Todd A. Close won the award in her category. For its third season, Damages earned its most acting nominations at the Primetime Emmy Awards.

For the first time, Damages was unable to win a major Primetime Emmy despite their success in the nominations, as Glenn Close lost for the first time in her category, losing to Kyra Sedgwick.

For its fifth and final season, Glenn Close received her third Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress — Television Series Drama, after being absent the previous two years.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American legal thriller television series. Main article: List of Damages episodes. Main article: Damages season 1.

Main article: Damages season 2. Main article: Damages season 3. Main article: Damages season 4. Main article: Damages season 5. Main article: List of Damages characters.

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Damages. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 19, April 18, Retrieved April 20, July 20, Retrieved August 13, IGN Entertainment Inc.

Retrieved April 13, Archived from the original on January 31, The New York Times. Retrieved July 12, Hollywood Today.

Angel Media. Archived from the original on July 24, CBS Interactive.

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